Honey is sweet syrup made by bees using nectar from flowers. The type of honey people eat (like Billy Bee honey) is made by honey-bees.
The nutritive value of honey - a pure natural sweetener.
Honey has more nutritious elements than refined sugar. Honey is pure because no other ingredients are added. But what puts honey first among sweeteners is its truly unique flavour, its look and natural character.
Honey-bees turn nectar into honey and store it as a primary food source in wax honeycombs inside their bee hives.
Honey gets its sweetness from the monosaccharide, fructose and glucose, and has about the same relative sweetness as sugar.
Types of honey
Liquid HoneyLiquid honey is free of visible crystals. It is extracted from the comb in the hive by centrifugal force, gravity, straining or other means. It is especially convenient for cooking or
stirring into tea!
Creamed honey is finely crystallized. While all honey will crystallize over time, the crystallization of creamed honey is controlled so that at room temperature it can be spread like butter on toast, biscuits and muffins.
Colour and Flavour
The colour and flavour of honeys differ, depending on the nectar source (the blossom) visited by the honey-bees. The colour ranges from nearly colourless to dark brown, and the flavour varies from delectably mild to distinctively bold, depending on where the honey-bees buzzed. As a general rule, the light coloured honey is milder and the dark coloured honey is stronger.
Sources of honey:Alfalfa Honey, produced extensively throughout Canada and the United States is light in colour with a pleasingly mild flavour and aroma.
Buckwheat Honey is strongly flavoured honey. The production of buckwheat and, therefore, buckwheat honey, has declined in the United states. It is still produced, however, in Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin as well as in Eastern Canada.
Clover Honey has a pleasing, mild taste. White clover, alsike clover and the white and yellow sweet clovers are most important for honey production. Depending on the location and type of source clover, clover honey varies in colour from water white to light amber to amber.
Fireweed Honey is light in colour and comes from a perennial herb that affords wonderful bee pasture in the northern and pacific States and Canada. Fireweed grows in the open woods, reaching a height of 3 to 5 feet and spikes attractive pinkish flowers.
Tulip Poplar or Tulip Tree Honey is dark amber in colour. The flavour, however, is not as strong as one would expect of dark honey. Tulip poplar honey is produced from Southern New England west to Southern Michigan and south to the Gulf States east of The Mississippi.